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(GUÉNÉE, Antoine). Lettere di Alcuni Giudei Portoghesi, Tedeschi, e Polacchi, al Singor di Voltaire. Con un breve Comentario estratto da uno piú lungo.
Napoli: G. P. Merande, 1791-1792. In three volumes. This Italian edition was preceded by a 1770 Venice edition; first published in French, Paris 1769. 8vo., full cont. vellum, leather spine labels, xlviii, 320; 284; 281pp. Stamps, discolouring to edge of upper cover of volume three, some wear to spines, very good.

A response to anti-Semitic passages in Voltaire's work, called “the wittiest and most effective answer to Voltaire”. “Guénée's work purported to be a series of letters and commentaries by a diverse group of European Jews. Guénée defended the character of the Jews, the Old Testament, and by extension Christianity against Voltaire, pointing out countless interpretive errors along the way as well as similarities between Voltaire's beloved Quakers and the Jews” (Cambridge History of Eighteenth Century Philosophy) Voltaire's anti-Semitism has been the subject of debate, though as Leon Poliakov points out in The History of Anti-Semitism: “During Hitler's domination of Europe, a history teacher, Henri Labroue, had no difficulty compiling a two-hundred-and-fifty-page book of Voltaire's anti-Jewish writings.” He wrote a response to this work in 1776 entitled Un Chrétian contre six juifs in which he argued that “if the Jews were as wise and virtuous as Guénée made out, then there would have been no need for Christian dispensation.” (Voltaire and the Century of Light)

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